Buccal Fat Removal
Buccal fat or buccal fat pad is the naturally-occurring pad of fat deposited in the hollow area beneath each cheekbone. Everyone has buccal fat pads, just the size of the fat pad varies with each individual. One buccal fat pad can be larger than the other fat pad and although it is completely natural many people are still conscious of their appearance of face shape and size which hampers their confidence.
Buccal fat pad removal is a plastic surgery done to remove the buccal fat pad to get a thinner or slimmer face surgically. There are different names for this surgery and it is also known as cheek reduction surgery, cheek contouring, and buccal lipectomy. This type of plastic surgery thins the cheeks and is used for the facial definition to define facial angles.
Who can consider Buccal fat removal?
One can opt for buccal fat removal if the following conditions are true for you and should get an examination done by the surgeon prior to the surgery to understand the realistic expectations from the buccal fat removal before and after the surgery.
- You are physically fit.
- You have a healthy weight
- You have a round and fuller face and you dislike the fullness of the face.
- You have a small round fat mass on the cheeks.
- You have realistic expectations.
- You do not smoke.
If you observe all these conditions about you to be true then consult the doctor for further examination and understand more about the surgery and precautions to be taken.
Not everyone can go for Buccal fat removal surgery, there are few scenarios in which it is not advised to be right for the person-
- You have a narrow face
If you have a narrow face naturally, then the buccal fat removal surgery will not be right for you as this may lead to sunken cheeks as you age.
- You are older
As you age, your skin loses as you lose fat automatically. The buccal fat removal surgery might emphasize facial aging prominently.
- You are suffering from progressive hemifacial
Hemifacial atrophy is a rare condition where one side of the face shrinks and it affects the buccal fat pad.
Potential complications or risks associated with buccal fat removal surgery
Buccal fat removal surgery is considered safe but unlike all other procedures, there are some side effects associated with it
Possible complicated risks involved are-
- Excessive bleeding
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Facial nerve damage
- Salivary gland damage
- Excess removal of fat
- Facial asymmetry
- Poor results
Another type of surgery or treatment has to be done to overcome these side effects caused after the Buccal fat removal surgery.
BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER THE BUCCAL FAT PAD REMOVAL SURGERY
There are some things to be taken care of before, during and after the Buccal fat pad removal surgery and there are some very basic instructions that need to be followed properly for good results.
Before the buccal fat removal surgery
Before the Buccal pad fat removal treatment, you need to consult your doctor and get all the realistic expectations from the surgery beforehand. During the initial visits, the doctor will do a complete examination of your face and will take photographs of your face for reference, and will also understand your family medical history or any past surgery you have undergone. Your blood pressure will be examined and then all the data about any current medications will be recorded. For the best results, you are advised to stop smoking or consumption of tobacco before the surgery.
All your questions and queries will also be addressed during this visit and all the information regarding the surgery will be cleared, realistic expectations for during and post-surgery will be discussed too.
During the buccal fat removal surgery
It is a one-day procedure and the patient is allowed to go back home on the same day itself. During the procedure, you should expect the following-
- Local anesthesia will be given to you so you don’t feel any pain while operating. If there is another procedure you are undergoing along with this procedure then general anesthesia will be given to you and you will be required to arrange a drive back home from the hospital.
- Small incisions on one side or both sides of the mouth will be made to introduce or expose the buccal fat pad to the face.
- Then gently, the surgeon will press on the fat pad to expose them and then make a cut and remove the fat pad.
After this, the incision will be closed with sutures and usually, the sutures are dissolvable. In other cases where the suture is not dissolvable, your doctor will inform you of the next visit for suture removal.
After the buccal fat removal surgery
After the surgery, you will be advised by your doctor on how to take care of your incisions and what other precautions to be doing for faster healing and recovery.
- You might be advised to use a special mouth rinse to avoid any kind of infection and help you with healing faster.
- You will have to follow a liquid diet for the initial few days until the incision starts to heal and then slowly you can start with soft foods after consulting with your doctor.
- You may experience swelling, bruising, and pain along with numbness at the incision sites but they will gradually decrease as you heal.
The incision marks usually fade and the healing time is normally three weeks and it might take several months to see the final results.
Possible recovery time after the surgery
The possible recovery time after the treatment varies from a few weeks to several months to experience the final results. Your doctor will tell you about all the instructions to follow post-surgery including all the follow-up appointments to examine the recovery. The healing starts after 2-3 days of the surgery and the incision marks also start fading after a few days. You can return to continue all the daily tasks after consulting with your doctor within a few weeks after the surgery.
Risks Associated With Buccal Fat Removal Surgery
Before moving ahead with surgery, you must first be aware of the risks associated to make an informed decision. Possible complications of buccal fat removal surgery are as follows -
- Infections at the site of incision
- Facial nerve or salivary duct injury
- Change in sensations or numbness
- Asymmetrical results
When to Seek Medical Help
Buccal fat removal is an extremely safe procedure. Complications are very rare, but in the case of the following, you should contact your doctor immediately -
- Excessive bruising and bleeding
- High fever, red or pus-filled skin, or other signs of infection
- If the results are not healing well or appear asymmetrical
- If you are tasting something unusual in your mouth or feeling like your salivary glands are damaged.
To minimize complications and risks, you must opt for surgery at a reliable plastic surgery center. Make an informed decision and ask questions wherever necessary. Make sure you enquire about your eligibility, specified risks, and recovery time amongst other things. Feel free to contact us to find out more!